Tracking users

All user related APIs are part of WebEngage Android SDK's User object. You get an instance of WebEngage User object as follows.

// Import WebEngage 'User'
import com.webengage.sdk.android.User;

// Get an instance of 'User' object
User weUser = WebEngage.get().user();

Identifying users

WebEngage SDK automatically creates a unique ID (LUID) which the WebEngage backend uses to uniquely identify users. These are “anonymous” profiles to which you can assign unique User IDs (CUID). Assigning a CUID helps collect the user's activity and information across systems in a single unified profile.

A user profile's ID once assigned, cannot be changed. Although ID can be any String that uniquely identifies users in your system, we recommend using system generated user IDs from your database instead of information that can change over time such as email addresses, usernames or phone numbers.

The usual places to assign IDs are

  • On user signups
  • On user logins
  • On screen or page views where user identity becomes known
  • When the user context changes

Constraint:

  • An ID can be of maximum 100 characters.

You can assign an ID by calling the login method. All attributes, events and session information accumulated before this API has been called get associated to an anonymous user created by default. Once login is called, all of this stored information is attributed to this identified user.

weUser.login("9SBOkLVMWvPX");

Make sure you call login as soon as the user logs in to your application, or whenever earliest you are able to identify the user.

weUser.logout();

Make sure you call logout when the logged-in user logs out, or you do not want to attach any future event, session or user data with this user, until login is called again.

User attributes

There is often additional identifying information, such as name and email address, associated with user profiles. WebEngage provides setters for assigning these attributes to users. These attributes can be used to segment users and target campaigns to a specific group. Additionally, they can be referred to personalize campaign messages to each user.

Attributes can be set on “anonymous” profiles as well.

Each session has its own user attributes, but they get copied from one session to the next. This is in contrast to event parameters, which may take on different values per event. For this reason, you generally use user attributes for things that do not change much within the session, or with which you want the entire session associated.

Setting system attributes

Constraint:

  • String type attribute values must be less than 1000 characters long. Any characters beyond these limits will be truncated.

Email

weUser.setEmail("john@doe.com");

Hashed Email

If you are averse to passing your users' personally identifiable information, WebEngage enables you to pass hashed email IDs and to set up private Email Service Provider API endpoints at your end.

weUser.setHashedEmail("144e0424883546e07dcd727057fd3b62");

Birth Date with year, month and day as Integer objects

//Deprecated. Use weUser.setBirthDate(String birthDate) instead.
weUser.setBirthDate(1996, 8, 19); // Month is index 1 based: January = 1

Birth Date in yyyy-mm-dd format

weUser.setBirthDate("1986-08-19"); //yyyy-mm-dd

Phone Number

If you are averse to passing your users' personally identifiable information, WebEngage enables you to pass hashed phone numbers and to set up private SMS Service Provider API endpoints at your end.

weUser.setPhoneNumber("+551155256325");

The String phoneNumber must be in E.164 format, eg. +551155256325, +917850009678.

Hashed Phone Number

weUser.setHashedPhoneNumber("e0ec043b3f9e198ec09041687e4d4e8d");

Gender

weUser.setGender(Gender.MALE);

Gender value can be one of Gender.MALE, Gender.FEMALE or Gender.OTHER.

First Name

weUser.setFirstName("John");

Last Name

weUser.setLastName("Doe");

Company

weUser.setCompany("Alphabet Inc.");

Opt In Status

To set the subscription preference of your users (for Push, In-app, SMS and Email) use setOptIn. Users who are opted out of a particular channel will not receive any communication on that channel. Users are by default opted in to all channels.

weUser.setOptIn(Channel.PUSH, true);

Channel is an enum and can have four values: PUSH, IN_APP, SMS, EMAIL. Setting setOptIn to false for a particular channel opts the user out of that channel.

Location

To set user location manually, use this method. If auto location tracking is enabled, WebEngage SDK will manage location updates on its own. However, you can call this method to set user location if you have disabled auto location tracking, or to manually set the location.

double latitude = 19.0822;
double longitude = 72.8417;
weUser.setLocation(latitude, longitude);

In addition to these individual setters, you can also set the user profile in one go using Java builder pattern.

weUser.setUserProfile(new UserProfile.Builder()
				.setFirstName("John")
				.setLastName("Doe")
				.setEmail("john@doe.com")
				.setBirthDate("1986-08-19")
				.setPhoneNumber("+551155256325")
				.setGender(Gender.MALE)
				.setCompany("Alphabet Inc.")
				.setLocation(19.0822, 72.8417)
				.build());

Setting custom attributes

Use these APIs to attach custom attributes to the user.

Simple custom user attributes

User attributes of the data types String, Boolean, Date and all subclasses of Number are called simple custom user attributes. They can be used to both create user segments as well as to personalize campaigns.

Constraints:

  • Attribute names must be less than 50 characters long. String type attribute values must be less than 1000 characters long. Any characters beyond these limits will be truncated.
  • In addition to the system attributes, you can create at most 25 user attributes of each data type.
  • You cannot start your attribute names with we_.

String attribute

weUser.setAttribute("Twitter username", "@origjohndoe86");

Boolean attribute

weUser.setAttribute("Subscribed to email", true);

Long attribute

weUser.setAttribute("Points earned", 78732);

Double attribute

weUser.setAttribute("Dollars spent", 461.93);

Integer attribute

weUser.setAttribute("Age", 31);

Date attribute

String dateStr = "2017-10-06T09:27:37Z";
SimpleDateFormat format = new SimpleDateFormat("yyyy-MM-dd'T'HH:mm:ss'Z'");
try {
    Date date = format.parse(dateStr);
    weUser.setAttribute("Last order date", date);
} catch (ParseException e) {
    e.printStackTrace();
}

1. User attribute names are case sensitive.
2. attributeName must not start with we_. Attribute names starting with we_ are reserved for WebEngage's internal use, and will be ignored if used for custom attributes.
3. For custom user attributes, the first datapoint synced to WebEngage defines the data type for that attribute in WebEngage. Therefore, data types must be consistent with the data that you want to store for the attribute. If you change the data type later, attribute data will stop flowing to WebEngage.

You can define multiple user attributes in one go using Map. The keys of this Map will be attribute names and values will be respective attribute values. These attribute values must be one of the simple or complex attribute types.

Map<String, Object> customAttributes = new HashMap<>();
        customAttributes.put("Age", 31);
        customAttributes.put("Twitter username", "@origjohndoe86";
        customAttributes.put("Subscribed to email", true);
        customAttributes.put("Dollars spent", 461.93);
        customAttributes.put("Points earned", 78732);
        customAttributes.put("Contact Number 1", "+44628976359");
        customAttributes.put("Contact Number 2", "+44776977507");
        customAttributes.put("Address Flat", "Z-62");
        customAttributes.put("Address Building", "Pennant Court");
        customAttributes.put("Address Locality", "Penn Road");
        customAttributes.put("Address City", "Wolverhampton");
        customAttributes.put("Address State", "West Midlands");
        customAttributes.put("Address PIN", "WV30DT");
        
        weUser.setAttributes(customAttributes);

Complex custom user attributes

User attributes of List and Map data types are called complex custom user attributes. List can contain any type of simple or complex attributes. They can be used to personalize campaigns as shown below.

Note that you will not be able to use complex attributes as segment filters, as you can see in the segment creation screen below.

List attribute

List values must be one of the simple or complex attribute types.

weUser.setAttribute("Brand affinity", Arrays.asList("Hugo Boss", "Armani Exchange", "GAS", "Brooks Brothers"));

Map attribute

Values in the Map must be one of the simple or complex attribute types.

Map<String, Object> userAddress = new HashMap<>();
userAddress.put("Flat", "Z-62");
userAddress.put("Building","Pennant Court");
userAddress.put("Locality","Penn Road");
userAddress.put("City","Wolverhampton");
userAddress.put("State","West Midlands");
userAddress.put("PIN","WV30DT");

Map<String, Object> customAttributes = new HashMap<>();
customAttributes.put("Address", userAddress);

weUser.setAttributes(customAttributes);

Deleting custom user attributes

WebEngage allows you to delete any custom attributes that you had created previously if you no longer need them.

weUser.deleteAttribute("Points earned");
weUser.deleteAttributes(Arrays.asList("Twitter username", "Subscribed to email", "Points earned"));

What's Next

Tracking events

Tracking users